Pararge aegeria tircis (Godart, 1821)
    Pararge aegeria  (Linnaeus, 1758)

TYPE LOCALITY. S. Europe and N. Africa.

RANGE. From N. Africa across Europe to the Urals, the Caucasus and Asia Minor.

DISTRIBUTION AND VARIATION. The European part, the Caucasus and Transcaucasia, all populated by the ssp. tircis (Godart, 1821) (= egerides Staudinger, 1871).

HABITAT AND BIOLOGY. Sparse deciduous and mixed forests, field-protecting forest stretches, parks and orchards on plains and in the mountains up to 2,000 m a.s.l., flying mostly along roads, clearings, etc. In the southern regions, it flies from April to September in two to three generations. Host plants (Buckler, 1886; Nekrutenko, 1990; etc.): grasses Agropyron, Triticum, Poa, Brachypodium, Dactylis, Lolium, etc. Hibernation larval.

Photo and text: Guide to the BUTTERFLIES OF RUSSIA and adjacent territories Volume 1. PENSOFT, Sofia - Moscow. 1997

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